Offices

Glossary of Terms

Definitions

Awareness Program

Community-wide and audience specific programming, initiatives, and strategies that increase audience knowledge and share information and resources to prevent violence, promote safety, and reduce perpetration.

Bystander Intervention

Safe and positive options that may be carried out by an individual or individuals to prevent harm or intervene when there is a risk of dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking.  This includes recognizing situations of potential harm and understanding institutional structures and cultural conditions that facilitate violence, overcoming barriers to intervening, identifying safe and effective intervention options, and taking actions to intervene.

Complainant

A person who reports he or she has been subjected to discrimination, harassment, or related retaliation.

Consent

Consent is a voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activity. Someone who is incapacitated cannot consent. Past consent does not imply future consent. Silence or an absence of resistance does not imply consent. Consent to engage in sexual activity with one person does not imply consent to engage in sexual activity with another. Consent can be withdrawn at any time. Coercion, force, or threat of either invalidates consent.

Dating Violence

Violence committed by a person who has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim. The existence of such a relationship will be determined by factors such as length, type, and frequency of interaction.

Domestic Violence

Violent misdemeanor and felony offenses committed by the victim’s current or former spouse, current or former cohabitant, a person similarly situated un­der domestic or family violence law, or anyone else protected under domestic or family violence law.

Harassment

Verbal, emotional, or physical conduct related to a person’s protected class that unreasonably interferes with an individual’s work or academic performance or creates an intimidating or hostile work or educational environment.

Hostile Environment

Unwelcome conduct by an individual or individ­uals against another individual based upon her/ his protected class that is sufficiently severe or pervasive that it alters the conditions of education or employment and creates an environment that a reasonable person would find intimidating, hos­tile, or offensive.

Impaired

Temporary incapacity to evaluate or control conduct, because the person is unconscious, asleep, intoxicated or under the influence of drugs or for any other reason is physically unable to communicate or grant consent.

Impartial Proceeding

A proceeding that is completed within reasonably prompt time frames designated by an institution’s policy, including a process that allows for the extension of time frames for good cause and with written notice to the accuser and the accused of the delay and the reason for the delay.

Must be conducted in a manner that:

  • Is consistent with the institution’s policies and transparent to both parties;
  • Includes timely notice of meetings at which the complainant and the respondent or both, may be present
  • Provides timely and equal access to the complainant, the respondent and appropriate officials to any information that will be used during informal and formal disciplinary meetings and hearings
  • Conducted by officials who do not have a conflict of interest or bias for or against the complainant or the respondent.

Incapacitation/Impairment

Incapacity to evaluate or control conduct, because an individual is unconscious, asleep, intoxicated, or under the influence of other drugs or, for any other reason, physically, mentally or legally unable to communicate or grant consent.

Intimidation

Unlawfully placing another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct, but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to actual physical attack.

Non-Responsible Employees

Contracted or third-party employees who are not mandated reporters and do not have to report any disclosures of sexual misconduct to the Title IX Coordinator.

Ongoing Prevention and Awareness Campaigns

Programming, initiatives and strategies that are sustained over time and focus on increasing understanding of topics relevant to and skills for addressing dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking, using a range of strategies with audiences throughout the university.

Primary Prevention Program

Programming, initiatives, and strategies informed by research or assessed for value, effectiveness, or outcome that are intended to stop dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking before they occur through the promotion of positive and healthy behaviors that foster healthy, mutually respectful relationships and sexuality, encourage safe bystander intervention, and seek to change behavior and social norms in healthy and safe direction.

Proceeding

All activities related to a non-criminal resolution of an institutional disciplinary complaint, including but not limited to, fact finding investigations, formal or informal meetings, and hearings.

Professional and Pastoral Counselors

Professional, licensed counselors and pastoral counselors who provide mental-health counseling to members of the university community (and including those who act in that role under the supervision of a licensed counselor) are not required to report any information about an incident to the Title IX Coordinator without a victim’s permission.

Protected Class (as defined in the official Saint Leo University Non-discrimination EEO Statement)

Alcorn State University has a strong commitment to principles of equal employment opportunity and equal access to education. The University does not discriminate on the basis of age, color, disability, ethnic origin, genetic information, gender, nationality, race, religion, or veteran status, or any other category protected by federal, state, or local law in its educational programs, admissions policies, financial aid, employment, or other university administered programs.

The policy is enforced by University and by applicable laws such as Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Title VI and Title IX of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and the Florida Civil Rights Act of 1992. 

Public Indecency

Exposing portions of one’s body in such a manner that it may be seen by someone who reasonably could be offended.

Rape

The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without consent of the victim.

Respondent

A person who is charged with committing acts of discrimination, harassment, or retaliation.

Responsible Employee

A “responsible employee” is a university employee who has the authority to redress sexual violence, who has the duty to report incidents of sexual violence or other student misconduct, or who a student could reasonably believe has this authority or duty. A responsible employee must report to the Title IX Coordinator all relevant details about the alleged sexual violence shared by the victim and that the university will need to determine what happened – including the names of the victim and alleged perpetrator(s), any witnesses, and any other relevant facts, including the date, time and specific location of the alleged incident.

Result

Any initial, interim, and final decision by any official or entity authorized to resolve disciplinary matters within the institution and should include any sanctions imposed by the university.

Retaliation

An individual’s adverse action against another person because that person has filed a complaint or participated in an investigation. Retaliation is prohibited by Saint Leo University policy.

Risk Reduction

Options designed to decrease perpetration and bystander inaction, and to increase empowerment for victims in order to promote safety and to help individuals and communities address conditions that facilitate violence.

Sexual Assault

An offense that meets the definition of rape, fondling, incest, or statutory rape as used in the FBI’s UCR program.

Sex Discrimination

An umbrella term encompassing multiple types of actions involving the unfavorable treatment of an individual or a group of identifiable individuals based on gender.

Sexual Exploitation

Occurs when a person or group of people takes advantage of another person by doing some­thing sexual in a nonconsensual, abusive, or unjust manner. Examples include nonconsen­sual video or audio taping of a sexual activity, nonconsensual photography of a sexual nature, voyeurism, knowingly transmitting a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or HIV, or prostitut­ing another person.

Sexual Harassment

One type of sex discrimination under Title IX. The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (www2.ed.gov/ocr) states that sexual harassment is “unwelcomed conduct of a sexual nature.” That is, “any unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature.”

Sexual Imposition

Sexual touching or requests for sex when the of­fender knows, or should reasonably understand, that such behavior is offensive to the victim or when the victim’s judgment is impaired.

Sexual Violence

A severe form of hostile environment sexual harass­ment that represents conduct involving physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent due to the victim’s incapacity. An individual’s incapacity may arise from use of drugs or alcohol or individual conditions including intellectual or other disability.

Stalking

A course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for her, his, or other’s safety, or to suffer substantial emotional distress.

Voyeurism

Trespassing, spying, or eavesdropping.